The knee joint is a complex joint in our body that undergoes tremendous stress while we walk, run, and do our routine activities. It helps to bear the entire body’s weight and supports the lower limbs. Knee problems can be bothersome and extremely painful. Although people of any age group can experience knee pain, it is commonly seen in older adults.
Stem cell therapy is an advanced regenerative treatment option for those suffering from various degenerative conditions. Stem cells are the specialized cells in the human body that can develop into various cell types. This specific characteristic of stem cells makes them identical from the other cells in the human body and are used in the treatment of various health conditions.
Your biological cells can heal your knee pain
Our body contains stem cells which can be used for the treatment of many diseases and conditions. Knee stem cell therapy helps to repair, replace, and regenerate the damaged tissue in the knee. Also, stem cell treatment is an effective alternative for people who need knee replacement surgery. Stem cell therapy is a non-surgical procedure that involves needle-based stem cell injections.
For patients suffering from knee problems, bone-marrow-derived stem cells are collected and centrifuged in the laboratory to concentrate the sample. These stem cells are injected into the damaged part of the body with the help of image-guided techniques, such as fluoroscopy and ultrasound. The entire process of stem cell therapy is done under local anesthesia. Platelets contain growth factors that are helpful for tissue regeneration. Along with the stem cells, platelet-rich plasma is injected to enhance the process of tissue regeneration.
Some of the most commonly addressed knee problems by using stem cells are:
Knee pain – Knee pain is one of the most common knee problems that can occur due to an underlying condition. It can also occur due to heavy physical activity, sitting on knees for an extended period of time, injury, or due to a sprain or strain in the knee.
Knee arthritis – Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis that affects the knee joints. Due to the process of aging, the knee tends to lose the cartilage that cushions the two bones or joints. This causes friction against two joints and leads to terrible pain in the knee.
Meniscus tear – Any forceful twisting causes a tear in the knee. A meniscus tear occurs when there is tear in the cartilage that cushions between the shinbone and thighbone. This causes severe pain, swelling, and stiffness in the knee joints.
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear – ACL one of the major ligaments in the knee that connects shinbone and thighbone. A torn ACL causes severe pain, instability, and swelling in the knee. It occurs when there is a sudden change in the direction, jumping or landing while playing sports, such as basketball, football, and skiing.
Advanced orthopedics therapies in India
Like in many other countries across the world, India is advancing in the field of medicine, especially over the past two decades. There are quite a good number of clinics that are providing stem cell therapy in India. Most of the chronic orthopedic conditions can be addressed by stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) procedures. Unlike conventional modes of treatment, stem cell therapy provides faster recovery from the treatment and takes lesser time for rehabilitation.
The regenerative procedures done for knee conditions are the same-day procedures which do not require hospitalization. Stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma procedures do not result in adverse effects nor post-procedure complications. While opting for stem cell therapy, the doctor will help you understand the process and checks if the patient is suitable to undergo stem cell therapy.
Stem cell therapy for acute and chronic knee conditions
Stem cell therapy can repair the damaged knee cartilage tissue in case of osteoarthritis and prevents further degeneration. Stem cell treatment for knees helps to reduce the knee pain, swelling, and stiffness resulting from arthritis. Stem cell treatment for knees is a highly effective non-surgical alternative for those who wish to avoid elective surgery for knees.
Stem cell injections for knees slow the deterioration of knee cartilage and improve the knees’ function and mobility. Stem cell treatment for knees is a minimally-invasive procedure that does not need hospitalization. Apart from slight pain at the injection site, stem cell treatment is a highly safe procedure and does not result in any side effects.
People suffering from partial or complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears can avoid surgery, usually followed by lengthy recovery and rehabilitation periods.
The precise injection of stem cells into the affected area repairs the torn ligament and avoids the need for surgery. Stem cell therapy effectively repairs the damaged knee meniscus, which often results in chronic knee pain.