Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents

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Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents
Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents

Cardiovascular diseases are a big enough issue on their own. More than six hundred thousand of people are fated to die because of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases paired with obesity and Type 2 diabetes is a fatal combination.

The worst part is that not only adults but a major section of children and adolescents are a victim to these life-taking diseases.

Around a decade and a half ago, Type 1 Diabetes was common amongst the children. Then came up with the issue of obesity in the children and adolescents and before we could realize, there was a drastic and exponential increase in Type 2 diabetes in them.

Obesity is often related to insulin resistance. Insulin resistance coupled with insulin deficiency gives a high rise to risks of Type 2 Diabetes in children and adolescents. All of the diseases are somehow interconnected.

Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents
Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents

Type 2 Diabetes may lead to microvascular and macro-vascular diseases which include atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, stroke, myocardial infarction, and sudden death.

It has many more life-threatening effects. For example, it can cause renal insufficiency or renal chronic failure. It can also lead to neuropathy and vasculopathy that may turn limb-threatening with time. It may even lead to retinopathy that causes blindness.

As we can see, Type 2 diabetes is actually much more harmful than we think of it. Getting affected with it in childhood or adolescence may actually be more harmful to them when they grow up.

In the states, more than 15 % of the total children and adolescents are suffering from obesity and hence they are prone to these diseases.

The challenge right in front of us is to avoid obesity and leading diseases in the youth. Early Type 2 Diabetes management can actually save many lives in the long run. It is better to be safe than sorry.

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