There is a growing risk of non-communicable diseases among youngsters aged five to nine years and adolescents aged 10-19 years in India.
As per the excellent National Nutrition Survey 2016-18, one in 10 school-age children and adolescents were pre-diabetic.
To provide robust data on the shifting conditions of both under-nutrition and overweight and obesity, the Ministry of Health conducted the survey to collect a comprehensive set of data on the nutritional standing of Indian youngsters from 0-19 years aged.
This survey was the most important matter survey ever enforced. Also, the survey used gold normal ways to assess anemia, micronutrient deficiencies and biomarkers of NCDs for the first time in India.
As so much as the flight was involved, a number of the most populous states including Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh had a high prevalence.
The lowest prevalence of flight was found in the province and Jammu and Kashmir. A higher prevalence of flight in under-fives was found in rural areas compared to urban areas.
Also, youngsters within the poorest wealth quintile were a lot of doubtless to be inferior, as compared to 19 percent in the richest quintile.
Stunting and underweight prevalence were both about 7 percent in newborn children, with a steady increase in both indicators until two years of age. “That’s why newborn nutrition is extremely important.” The prevalence of stunting peaked at 40 percent at approximately two years of age and slowly declined to 30 percent by the fifth year of life.
The prevalence of underweight was highest in the third year of life and ranged from 25 percent to 34 percent during 36-59 months of age.
Overall, 35 percent of children aged 5 to 9 years were underweight, with 10 percent severely underweight. The prevalence of underweight was 30 percent at age five years and remained stable across the five-year period.
On anemia, the survey found that forty-one percent of pre-schoolers, 24 percent of school-age children and 28 percent of adolescents suffered from it. Anemia was most prevailing among youngsters below 2 years aged.
Anemia was a moderate or severe public unhealthiness among pre-schoolers in twenty-seven states, among school-age youngsters in fifteen states, and among adolescents in twenty states.
Thirty-two percent of pre-schoolers, 17 percent of school-age children and 22 percent of adolescents had an iron deficiency.