For a successful surgical procedure, physicians and surgeons need the right tools and devices that are both ergonomic and carry their functions smoothly. Usage of Surgical instruments dates back to 1500 B.C. where the Egyptians used saws, adson hemostatic forceps, probes, and scissors to operate on patients.
Like every other medical field, surgical instruments have also advanced, helping surgeons be much more successful during surgeries. Each year, the engineers come with promising medical instrument solutions and technology that benefit both, physicians and patients.
Below are top ten surgical instruments that efficiently increase the chances of a successful surgical procedure:
Three main types of surgical instruments:
Following are the three rough categories of surgical tools:
- Grasping or holding instruments
- Cutting instruments
Cutting instruments include different types and shapes of scissors. A sharp scissor cuts biomaterial smoothly and gives smooth hand-to-device coordination to the surgeon. Below factors related to scissors that stimulate the performance of the surgeon:
- The length of the scissor directly depends on the depth of incision surgeons need to make.
- Heavy construction and serrated scissors cut bones, muscles, and thicker tissues with ease.
- The Scissors should be ambidextrous.
- The scissors should cause less damage to the patient
- Good quality scissor blades are made from sapphire or tungsten carbide
Common types of surgical scissors:
- Lister Bandage Scissor.
- Metzenbaum Dissecting Scissor
- Gynecological scissor
- Stitch scissors
- Mayo Scissor
These tools help in clamping incision wounds, arteries, or tissue pedicle. When it comes to grasping instruments, they are characterized into two categories:
These are also known as Hemostatic forceps—the device clamps to a bleeding vessel and has a ratchet locking mechanism that enables the forceps to be clamped without any external force.
Common types of ring forceps:
Halsted Mosquito Forceps
These forceps have fine short tips with serrated jaws. They help in clamping small arteries and delicate tissues during a procedure. The usage of these forceps is the most effective in shallow incisions.
The Kelly forceps are used to clamp larger blood vessels and tissues. The serration levels of these forceps are smaller and do not work in deeper wounds.
Rochester Carmalt Forceps
These have longitudinal serrations that run throughout the blades’ length and are called ‘stars and stripes hemostat’. The tip of the forceps contains cross-hatching. Also, they are used in tissue pedicles and controlling blood loss from veins and arteries.
These forceps are also used as the ring finger. It functions with the compression generated by the forefinger and thumb. It does not have a ratchet on the handles, thereby, can only clamp when held.
Here are the two subcategories of the thumb forceps:
They have curly handles that clamp onto the tissues without causing any damage. Example are:
Micro Adson Tissue Forceps:
These clamps hold delicate tissues. The tip comes with multiple variations, but the length of the forceps remains somewhat the same.
Bonney Tissue forceps:
These are ideal for inflexible muscles. In addition, the sharp teeth at the end keep the forceps in place without causing tissue damage.
Russian Tissue Forceps:
These perform fine handling of tissue and traction during dissection. Also, the round head and teeth allow fine gripping of dense tissues.
As the name suggests, the dressing forceps are used for dressing or undressing the wounds.
Examples of Dressing Forceps are:
Eye Dressing Forceps:
These are serrated. The delicate design makes it easy to handle and does not cause damage to the nearby wounds.
Bozeman Sponge Forceps:
The sponge forceps firmly clasp gauze squares, which absorbs the excess body fluids from the operative site.
The common function is to hold open a wound, to hold an organ or tissue out of the way so that the surgeon gets a better view of the operation site while performing the surgery. Retractors are usually named after the organ.
Following are the two retractors:
These retractors must be hand-held by an assistant, surgeon, or a robot during the procedure. Commonly hand-held retractors are:
Bent Hohmann Retractors:
It is used in the orthopedic medical procedure so that the bones can be exposed.
This is used in the retraction of deep abdominal or chest incisions. The retractor has a straight grip that makes handling easy and does not leave behind atraumatic effects.
These hand-held retractors retain tissues away from the bones so that the surgeon can operate the damaged organs.
This has a screw, ratchet, or some clamps that keep it open with external help:
Some retractor factors are:
Balfour Abdominal Retractor
This retractor can retract the edges of wounds in procedures related to the abdomen.
Mayo Adams Retractor:
This retractor is specifically used for endarterectomy. The u-shaped ring handles have self-retaining property.
Who are we?
A good quality set of surgical instruments have a high success rate of surgeries. However, there are so many unreliable and low-quality manufacturers that buyers and surgeons cannot trust. This is where GerMedUSA Inc. comes in. We have been serving the surgical instruments industry for over 30 years. We have achieved a high status in the market for its competitive price range and high-quality products.